A stand for placing bonsai or flower vases is called a “shoku”. A flat board to place bonsai is jiita. It is a rule to place bonsai on either a shoku or jiita. The rules for bonsai might have been looser originally. However, losing substance over time is one aspect of a culture, which can be good or bad. Bonsai originated in China and was later introduced to Japan.
In the Edo period, its aesthetics and styles were established to form today’s bonsai. Although bonsai is appreciated indoors, it stays outdoors (e.g. in gardens) for the majority of the year. Since bonsai is basically a transplanted wild plant in a pot, it cannot survive unless it stays in a natural environment bearing rain and wind. The form is shaped after many years of daily watering, care, and trimming while envisioning a future shape so that it grows into that shape as if naturally formed. Bonsai devotees enjoy the growing process, in addition to the beautiful shape. In Japanese style houses, bonsai decorates an alcove known as tokonoma in a reception room, along with a wall scroll. A doll or a stone is known as suiseki, which resembles a scenery, is placed on the alcove shelves for welcoming guests, and admiring the changing seasons. A shoku is used to place bonsai on. Although there are expensive masterpieces from the Ming Dynasty in China and the Joseon Dynasty in Korea, we created a shoku for bonsai that fits in with modern spaces.